Division of guitars according to the method of creation and formation the tone


After the string vibrates, a tone is created, which is guided by the bridge and the resonant opening into the instrument body. There, the front plate, the spacing of the ribs, and the shape of the tool body are strengthened to obtain the necessary qualities, such as color (timbre). The quality of these guitars is therefore entirely dependent on the correct design and the material from which they are made.

They excel especially in irreplaceable color and purity of tone and independence from the apparatus.

The disadvantage can be low volume, especially when playing in a noisy environment.

It would very much rise in price if some individuals learned to shut up h ... and listen :-)


Spanish guitar


The other guitars are distinguished mainly by a greater neck width (50 mm, +/- 2 mm), a more colorful tone, always a round resonance hole, and nylon strings, which, unlike other guitars, are fastened to the bridge by knots created by the strings. See Guitar Strings for more info.

The right hand plays almost exclusively using fingers, the plectrum is an exception (some jazz styles).

Typical is nail play, which gives us a sharp and distinctive tone.

It is mainly used in classical music, flamenco, Brazilian music and jazz.

the Spanish guitar and her parts                     

Jumbo guitar

jumbo guitar light

It differs from Spanish guitar by narrower fingerboard and metal strings. Typical is the more robust instrument, which usually allows for brighter bass tones. The neck is adapted to a greater string tension, often with a reinforced wire that can accommodate any unwanted bend. The strings are fixed to the bridge by means of pins. The right hand plays with fingers or plectrum.

Jumbo is used in many musical styles, the most common are country, folk, jazz, blues, rock.

Western guitar

So far I have not found the fundamental difference between jumbo and western guitar. Perhaps just the jumbo has a more robust body and thus also more penetrating bass.

Jazz Guitar


It has an arched top plate with two sound apertures, so-called ephids, which are similar to the violin's violins. It is equipped with a cut-out for the left hand (so-called cutaway) for better movement and easier to reach the heights. Another specific feature is the pickguard, which is the impact area for the picker, and a hand that prevents damage to the surface of the front panel. As the name itself suggests - it is typical of jazz music.

Hawaiian guitar

It is similar to the Spanish guitar, tuned into the main chord, and it differs mainly in the way of the game: We cross the strings with a metal tunic in our hand, shortening the tone of the tone.



The resonant guitar (the body is fitted with a large aluminum resonator) with a wooden body. For good guitar rounded neck, we can play either classic guitar style or so called slide style (using a handcuff like a Hawaiian guitar), where the tool can be placed horizontally on the knees. It has a strong and bell-like sound and is used mainly in country and bluegrass.

Acoustic bass

acoustic bass

is a stringed bass tool that has a hollow body similar to a western guitar, but slightly larger. Most acoustic basses are fitted with sleepers, but they are also unprotected. The instrument normally has four stunts, the tuning is similar to a double bass or an EADG bass (an octave below the deeper strings of a normal guitar). Exceptionally, multiplayer tools also appear. Because hearing acoustic bass without an amplifier can be difficult, the instruments are usually equipped with a piezoelectric sensor.

The first modern acoustic bass was developed by Ernie Ball in the early 1970s. At the end of the 80's and during the 1990's, the acoustic bass was used during MTV Unplugged concerts.


They are similar to acoustic guitars, they differ only in built-in sound pickup electronics (kennel sensor, built-in microphone, Jack 1/4 connector input, etc.). Their popularity is growing, thanks to the ability to sound a tool. It often helps to solve the band's loudness problem with louder instruments (drums, electric basses, wind instruments).



electric guitar Fender

An electric guitar (more accurately electrophonic) is a type of guitar in which electromagnetic sensors convert the vibration of strings with a steel core into an electric current that is guided by the guitar into an amplifier. An electric guitar often uses various effects to adjust the sound. The resulting sound is also greatly influenced by the amplifier and speaker used. Guitars are of a variety of shapes.

See article on Wikipedia.


Please keep in mind that choosing the right tool size does not only depend on age, but on overall body height, finger length and thickness! The following age ranges are therefore only indicative.

Guitars are sold in several basic sizes, which are derived from the full size (4/4):

1/4 guitar

A real "piddie". The frets are very close to each other, and the sound of the little body is also not very pronounced. This size only has the meaning of a true little genius who has such prerequisites and a taste that he can not sleep because of it. It can also serve as a motivation for a small child (he finds out that there is something like that, that he can bruise it, ...).

1/2 guitar

For children aged 6 to 8 years.

3/4 guitar

For children aged from 8 to 10 years old.

7/8 guitar

For children aged from 10 to 12 years old.

Full size (whole guitar)

For both children and adults, it depends on many circumstances (body growth, length and thickness of fingers, ...)

Custom guitar according to required dimensions

If we decide to make a voucher, we can let the manufacturer measure the size of the guitar that suits our requirements.

Division of guitars by material that are made

If we talk about the wood from which the body (corpus) of the instrument is made, we use the terms massive, semi-solid and plywood.

Solid (all-massive)

If we say that the guitar is a solid, it means that the whole body was made of one piece of wood.

Semi-solid (half-massive)

At least some part of the body (front plate, back plate, ...) was made of one piece of wood.


Mostly several layers of wood (or laminate boards) are glued together.

Division of guitars according to the music style in which it has the most usage

This group includes tools that have been specifically tailored for a particular musical style.

Jazz guitar

It has two eyepieces on the front plate (eph), similar to the violin. It is characterized by high clutter and a sharp, penetrating tone. Mostly these are electro or acoustic guitars. A typical representative is Gibson Guitar.

Flamenco guitar

flamenco guitar

The flamenco guitar is required to have a clear and fast tone on the button (that is, the string does not last for a long time than the wood body of the guitar sounds) and a quick fade, otherwise all rhythmic techniques such as rasgueo, rasgueado or alzapua will lose its impact, and especially rague, would merge into a clutter of sounds.

Among the other differences compared to the classic guitar include low-lying strings and golpeador.

The low strings have two functions: proximity to the fingerboard facilitates legato play, very often in the flamenco guitar used, proximity to the soundboard makes it easy to punch the fingers into the sound recorder (golpe). Since golpe is usually played alongside strings, the distance of the soundtrack from the strings plays a significant role.

A thin sounding board must be protected against fingerprints - otherwise it would soon be a hole (as seen from Manitas de Plata guitar). To do this, a thin protector (golpeador) is stuck around the eyepiece. The Golpeador is either white or more transparent (many flamenco guitars are sold today without a golpeador, which is available in particular as a plastic sticker that can be replaced from time to time).




The vast majority of guitars have six strings.


12 guitar

Modified jumbo or western guitar. The intention is primarily a more pronounced, more intense sound. Tuning is the same as the six-string guitar, except that each string is "double" (2x E, 2x H, ...). The most common usage of twelve string guitars is in country and bluegrass style.


Sometimes we also encounter other strings. Of course, experiments are not bound to the limits. E.g. seven or eight-beat guitars have added bass strings for a larger range of tones.